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What is a joint robot?

2018-12-25 15:15:31 點擊數:

Joint robots, also known as joint arm robots or joint arm robots, are one of the most common forms of industrial robots in today's industrial field. They are suitable for mechanical automation operations in many industrial fields.

For example, automatic assembly, painting, handling, welding and other work, according to the structure it has different classifications.

Chinese Name: Joint Robot, English Name: Articulated Robot,

Purpose: Machinery automation in industry

Nickname: articulated arm robot or articulated manipulator arm

Main classification of joint robots:

According to the structure classification of joint robots:

1. Five-axis and Six-axis Joint Robots

It has five or six rotating axes, similar to human arms.

Applications include loading, unloading, painting, surface treatment, testing, measurement, arc welding, spot welding, packaging, assembly, chip machine tools, fixing, special assembly operations, forging, casting, etc.

2. Tray Joint Robot

Planar Joint Robot SCARA 

Two or four rotating axes, and the positioning and locking device of the mechanical gripper.

Applications include loading, unloading, packaging, special handling operations, pallet transportation, etc.

3. Planar Joint Robot SCARA

Three parallel rotating axes and one linear axis.

Applications include loading, unloading, welding, packaging, fixing, coating, painting, bonding, packaging, special handling operations, assembly, etc.

In addition, it can also be classified according to the working properties of joint robots, which can be divided into many kinds, such as: handling robots, spot welding robots, arc welding robots, painting robots, laser cutting robots and so on.

Advantages and disadvantages of joint robots:


High degree of freedom, 5-6 axis, suitable for almost any trajectory or angle of work

Free programming to complete automatic work

Improve production efficiency and controllable error rate

Instead of many complex tasks that are not suitable for human effort and harmful to health, for example, spot welding of automobile housing


High price leads to high cost of initial investment

A lot of preparation work before production, such as programming and computer simulation, takes a long time.

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