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What areas can AGV cars be applied to?

2018-12-25 15:02:34 點擊數:

1. Warehousing

Warehousing is the earliest place for AGV application. In 1954, the world's first AGV was put into operation in Mercury Motor Freight's warehouse in Outh Carolina, USA, to realize the automatic handling of goods in and out of warehouse. At present, there are about 20,000 AGVs running in 2100 warehouses. In the three-dimensional warehouse of Haier Group's development zone, which was put into operation in 2000, nine AGVs formed a flexible in-warehouse automatic handling system and successfully completed the task of carrying 23400 goods and components into and out warehouses every day.

2. Manufacturing

AGV plays an important role in the production line of manufacturing industry. It can complete the material handling task efficiently, accurately and flexibly. The flexible logistics handling system can be composed of several AGVs. The handling route can be adjusted in time with the adjustment of the production process, so that more than a dozen products can be manufactured on a production line, which greatly improves the flexibility of production and the competitiveness of enterprises. In order to improve the flexibility of transportation system, Sweden's Volvo Kalmar car assembly plant in 1974 adopted an automatic car assembly line based on AGVS, which is composed of several AGVS loadable car bodies. After adopting this assembly line, the assembly time, assembly failure, investment recovery time and labor force were reduced by 20%, 39%, 57% and 5%. At present, AGV is widely used in the manufacturing and assembly lines of major automobile factories in the world, such as General Motors, Toyota, Chrysler and Volkswagen.

In recent years, as the basic transport tool of CIMS, the application of AGV has penetrated into many industries, such as mechanical processing, household appliances production, microelectronics manufacturing, cigarettes and so on. The production and processing field has become the most widely used field of AGV.

3. Post offices, libraries, port terminals and airports

In post offices, libraries, wharfs and airports, the transportation of goods has the characteristics of large changes in workload, strong dynamics, frequent adjustment of workflow, and single handling process. The parallel operation, automation, intellectualization and flexibility of AGV can well meet the handling requirements of the upper-style occasions. Sweden started using AGV in 1983 at the Greater Style Post Office, Japan at the Tokyo Domo Post Office in 1988, and China started using AGV in 1990 at the Shanghai Post Hub to complete the handling of postal products. At Rotterdam Port in the Netherlands, 50 AGVs called yard tractors complete the repetitive task of transporting containers from the side of ships to warehouses hundreds of yards away.

4. Tobacco, Medicine, Food and Chemical Industry

The application of AGV in tobacco, medicine, food and chemical industries with special requirements such as cleanliness, safety and non-emission pollution has also been paid attention to. Many domestic cigarette enterprises, such as Qingdao Yizhong Group, Yuxi Hongta Group, Honghe Cigarette Factory and Huaiyin Cigarette Factory, use laser-guided AGV to complete pallet cargo handling.

5. Dangerous places and special industries

Militarily, other detection and disassembly equipment based on AGV autopilot can be used for battlefield mine clearance and position reconnaissance. MINDER Recce, which is being developed by British military, is an automatic reconnaissance vehicle with the capability of mine detection, destruction and route verification. In iron and steel plants, AGV is used for burden transportation, which reduces the labor intensity of workers. In nuclear power plants and places where nuclear radiation is used for preservation and storage, AGV is used for the transportation of goods, avoiding dangerous radiation. In film and film warehouses, AGV can deliver materials and semi-finished products accurately and reliably in dark environments.

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